Rajasthan is a desert state, and as such has a lack of natural resources. In particular, a large proportion of the population lack the irrigation water essential and arid agricultural production, and diseases caused by a lack of clean drinking water and sanitation further exacerbate nutritional deficiencies poorly implemented environmental and rural development policies exacerbate the environmental hardships of rural desert communities, contributing to hunger and malnourishment.
Migration due to lack of natural resources is high, but migrants often struggle to acquire land, and are often forced to work for low wages on other's farms, or own meagre plots of land which cannot compete with their neighbours'. This missing access to land is a major reason for chronic hunger. Urban migrants, on the other hand, often face unemployment. Fir working conditions and the right to earn a living are bother enshrined in Indian law, but these rights are often violated, leading to serve poverty and lowered food security.
Women and children are particularly vulnerable to food scarcity in Rajasthan due to gender bias. Women account for 70% of those classed as living in poverty and the majority are anemic. Even during the nutritionally demanding periods of pregnancy and breastfeeding, women are often the last in the family to eat, and subsequently a third of newborn babies are underweight. Further exacerbating the problem, omen are traditionally unable to own or inherit land and therefore cannot produce food. Women's ability to purchase food. Women's ability to purchase food is also hindered by wage inequality and discrimination in local law.
The caste system in India still plays a big role in the distribution of resources within society, particularly in rural areas. Currently they are the largest group living below the poverty line, and are often landless with no access to productive resources or employment opportunities. Similarly, the poverty gap between Scheduled Tribes and the rest of the population is ever widening.
After agriculture, mining is the second biggest trade in Rajasthan, employing (often illegally) and estimated 2 million people. The vast majority are migrants, or belong to Scheduled Tribes or Caste, and 20% are children. Workers are underpaid and forced to work in dangerous, unregulated conditions, but are dependent on the meagre income for purchasing food and other essentials. Still however, most lack vegetables and fruit in their diet and many cannot afford sufficient food to feed their families.